Table of Definitions and
Allah: The supreme God of all creation. He is
known as "God" or "Father" to the Christians, and as "El" or
"Yahweh" to the Jews.
Muhammad: The last messenger of God to all
mankind. He was the seal of the prophets of God, who
included prophets Abraham, Noah, Moses, Jesus, and many
Islam: The last message of God to all mankind. It
was sent down upon prophet Muhammad (pbuh), recorded in
broad outlines in the Qur'an, and described in detail in the
Sunnah. Islam is an Arabic word which means "Submission to
Qur'an: The holy book of the Muslims. It consists
of 100% the word of God and no words of the prophet Muhammad
(pbuh), his companions, or any human being.
Sunnah: The title given to the collection of
recorded words and actions of the prophet Muhammad (pbuh).
Most of what he said or did throughout his lifetime is
recorded in the Sunnah.
pbuh: Means "Peace Be Upon Him". Used most often
in reference to prophet Muhammad (pbuh) and also in
reference to the many other prophets of Allah, such as Noah,
Moses, Abraham, Jesus, etc.
pbut: Means "Peace Be Upon Them". Same as above,
but used in reference to more than one.
s.a.w./s.a.s.: Same as "pbuh". It is an
abbreviation of the original Arabic words "Salla Allahu
alaihi Wa Sallam", which are translated as "peace be upon
him" in English.
Ibn: An Arabic word which means "Son of."
Bint/Ibna: An Arabic word which means "Daughter
Masjid: An Arabic word which means mosque.
OT Old Testament. The portion of the Bible
transmitted by the Jews.
NT: New Testament. The portion of the Bible
specific to the Christian faith.
People of the Book: This is the term used in the
noble Qur'an to refer to the Jews and Christians. It is also
sometimes translated as "People of the Scripture"